The Premier League (Primeira Liga in English: Premier League), also known as the Liga Portugal Bonn for sponsorship reasons, is the top professional association football division of the Portuguese football league system. It is organized and supervised by the Liga Portuguese de Football Professor, also known as Liga Portugal. According to the 2014-15 season, 18 teams have competed in the Premier League, the two lowest-ranked teams have been relegated to Liga Pro and the top two non-reserve teams in the division have been replaced.
Founded in 1934 as an experimental (now official) league called the Campionato da Liga da Premira Davison, it was renamed the Campanato Nacional de Primeira Liga Davison from 1938 to 1999, when it was renamed. went. More than 70 teams have competed in the Premier League, but only five have been crowned champions. Among them, the Big Three teams Benfica (37 wins), Porto (29 wins), and Sporting CP (19 wins) won all but two Premier League titles; The other winners are Balance (1945–46) and Bovasta (2000–01).
The Premier League has boosted its reputation in recent years, ranking sixth in the UEFA National League rankings by 2021. The historic “Big Five” European leagues, for the first time since 1990. The Premier League also reached the fourth world ranking according to the 2011 rankings of the IFFHS.
Prior to the Portuguese Football Reform of 1938, an experimental competition was already being held on a round basis the Premier League (Premier League), and the winners of this competition were named League Champions Nevertheless, in a knockout cup format, Portugal championship was the most popular and Portuguese champions, although the winners of this competition are no longer considered Portuguese football champions.
Then, with the reforms, the round-robin competition was introduced as the most important of the calendar and the definition of the Portuguese champion began. From 1938 to 1999, the name Campeonato Nacional da Primeira Liga Divison (First Championship of the First Division) or only Primeira Liga Divison (First Division) was used.
Porto won the opening edition of the new league championship and successfully defended the title the following season. In 1939-40, due to an administrative battle between Porto and Academico du Porto, the tournament was extended from eight to ten clubs, with reference to a regional championship game that ended just 43 minutes after the start, and later. Repeated (which FC Porto won) on the decision of Porto FA. The FPF came up with the decision to satisfy both clubs, extending the championship to 10 teams (one from Porto FA and the other from Setoball FA) and canceling the result from a recurring match. With this decision, FC Porto lost the regional title and finished third, Lexis SC became the new regional champion, while Academico finished second. All 3 teams qualified for the 1939-40 Premiere Davison.
In the 1941–42 season, it was decided to increase the championship from eight to ten teams to accommodate the Braga FA and Algarve FA Champions (until this season only the top teams from Porto, Coimbra, Lesbos, and Setubal were included. Have gone. Porto finished third in the regional championship and did not enter the Premier League. However, a second extension (10 to 12) was decided in the same season, which allowed the club to participate.
After the 1945–46 season, the regional championship qualifying system was abandoned and a pyramid system was adopted, with relegation and promotions between the three levels. The clubs of Primeira Liga Davison, Segunda Davison and Teresira Davison no longer had to play their district championships this season, as they have been doing since the first season of the league.
When the Portuguese League for Professional Football took control of two national leagues in 1999, it was renamed the Premier League.